Organise educational marine wildlife tours to improve behaviours towards marine invertebrates
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Marine wildlife tours can be highly educational for visitors and provide conservation benefits (Zeppel & Muloin 2008). This has in part been linked to emotional and affective responses. Visitors can also learn about the biology, ecology, and behaviour of marine species; best practice guidelines; and human threats to marine life, during educational marine wildlife tours. Studies have shown that visitors who attended the tours wanted to be educated about marine issues (Lück 2003). Such tours have been linked to behavioural and intentional changes, increased empathy towards marine wildlife and increased engagement in marine conservation actions (Zeppel 2008).
Lück M. (2003) Education on marine mammal tours as agent for conservation—but do tourists want to be educated? Ocean & Coastal Management, 46, 943–956.
Zeppel H. & Muloin S. (2008) Conservation benefits of interpretation on marine wildlife tours. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 13, 280–294.
Zeppel H. (2008) Education and conservation benefits of marine wildlife tours: Developing free-choice learning experiences. The Journal of Environmental Education, 39, 3–18.