Use ‘bioremediating’ organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Some sources of pollution can be biologically ‘remediated’ by transplanting or translocating particular organisms to the affected area (e.g. Sode et al. 2013, Xue et al. 2015). These ‘bioremediating’ organisms can naturally remove or neutralize pollutants and improve water quality. Transplanting or translocating such organisms to an affected area may reduce pollution levels and potential harm to marine and freshwater mammals.
Sode S., Bruhn A., Balsby T.J.S., Larsen M.M., Gotfredsen A. & Rasmussen M.B. (2013) Bioremediation of reject water from anaerobically digested waste water sludge with macroalgae (Ulva lactuca, Chlorophyta). Bioresource Technology, 146, 426–435.
Xue J., Yu Y., Bai Y., Wang L. & Wu Y. (2015) Marine oil-degrading microorganisms and biodegradation process of petroleum hydrocarbon in marine environments: a review. Current Microbiology, 71, 220–228.