Mule deer and cattle responses to a prescribed burn

  • Published source details Roberts T.A. & Tiller R.L. (1985) Mule deer and cattle responses to a prescribed burn. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 13, 248-252.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Exclude livestock from semi-natural habitat (including woodland)

Action Link
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
  1. Exclude livestock from semi-natural habitat (including woodland)

    A controlled study in 1982–1984 on a shrubland site in California, USA (Roberts & Tiller 1985) found that inside a cattle-exclusion fence, there were more mule deer Odocoileus hemionus than there were outside it. This result was not tested for statistical significance. Over six sampling events, 192 faecal pellet clumps were counted inside the enclosure compared to 138 outside it. In June 1982, a prescribed burn was carried out across 4 ha of land. A 0.25-ha enclosure (cattle proof but not deer proof) was established on the burned area. Relative deer presence inside and outside the enclosure was assessed by counting pellet-groups in September 1982, February, August, and November 1983 and March and July 1984. Counts were made along 18 transects (5 m long) inside the enclosure and 18 outside the enclosure.

    (Summarised by: Nick Littlewood)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 19

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust