The conservation management of Kirtland's warbler Dendroica kirtlandii

  • Published source details Kepler C.B., Irvine G.W., DeCapita M.E., & (1996) The conservation management of Kirtland's warbler Dendroica kirtlandii. Bird Conservation International, 6, 11-22.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Remove/control adult brood parasites

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Remove/control adult brood parasites

    A before-and-after study in young jack pine Pinus banksiana forests in Michigan, USA (Kepler et al. 1996) found that, following the trapping and removal of a total of 84,937 brown-headed cowbirds Molothrus ater between 1972 and 1992, parasitism rates of Kirtland's warbler Dendroica kirtlandii nests by cowbirds fell significantly and productivity increased, compared to 1944-57 or 1966-71, before cowbird control was started (1944-57: 55% of 137 nests parasitised vs. 1966-71: 69% of nests parasitised, 0.8 fledglings/nest, sample size not provided; 1972-1977: 6% of 230 nests parasitised, 2.7 fledglings/nest; 1989-91: 2% of 48 nests parasitized). However, these changes did not result in increased numbers of singing males, with seasonal numbers fluctuating from 167-243 during 1971-89.


Output references
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