Abundance and species richness of snakes along the Middle Rio Grande riparian forest in New Mexico

  • Published source details Bateman H.L., Chung-MacCoubrey A., Snell H.L. & Finch D.M. (2009) Abundance and species richness of snakes along the Middle Rio Grande riparian forest in New Mexico. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 4, 1-8.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Create or restore forests

Action Link
Reptile Conservation
  1. Create or restore forests

    A replicated, controlled, before-and-after study in 2000–2006 in three areas of mixed riparian forest in north, middle and south Mexico (Bateman et al. 2009, likely same experimental set-up as Bateman et al. 2008) found that restoring forest through removing non-native vegetation and either planting native shrubs or burning slash piles did not increase overall snake abundance. The effect of planting native shrubs and burning slash piles cannot be separated from the effect of vegetation removal. Snake abundance remained similar in restored and unmanaged sites (data reported as statistical model outputs). Fourteen species of snake were counted in the sites over seven years of surveys. Snakes were monitored in 12 sites (20 ha each) in 2000–2006 from three areas of forest (four sites/area). In 2003–2005, the sites in each area were managed by either removing non-native plants (using chainsaws and herbicide), or removing non-native plants and planting native shrubs, or removing non-native plants and burning slash piles, or not managed at all (see original paper for details). Snakes were monitored using drift fences with pitfall and tunnel traps (‘arrays’; 3 arrays/site) in June–July 2000 and June–September 2001–2006.

    (Summarised by: Katie Sainsbury)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust