Wildlife crossing designs and use by Florida panthers and other wildlife in southwest Florida

  • Published source details Land D. & Lotz M. (1996) Wildlife crossing designs and use by Florida panthers and other wildlife in southwest Florida. Proceedings of the Trends in Addressing Wildlife Mortality: Transportation Related Wildlife Mortality Seminar, FL-ER-58-96, Florida Department of Transportation,Tallahassee, Florida USA, 379-386.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Install barrier fencing and underpasses along roads

Action Link
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
  1. Install barrier fencing and underpasses along roads

    A replicated study in 1995 along two highways in Florida, USA (Land & Lotz 1996) found that large underpasses and box culverts, in areas with roadside fencing, were used by a range of mammal species. Mammals recorded using large underpasses were white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus (5.1 crossings/month), panther Felis concolor (2.2), bobcat Lynx rufus (1.3) and raccoon Procyon lotor (1.4). Box culverts were additionally used by red foxes Vulpes vulpes and otters Lontra canadensis. Two box culverts (2.4 m high, 7 m wide, 15 m long) were monitored along a 6.4-km section of a highway. Two of nine large underpasses (21–25 m wide, 49 m long) with vegetation were monitored along a 15-km section of a different highway. Highways had barrier fencing 3.4 m high with a 1-m overhang. Underpasses were monitored from March or April 1995 (end date not stated) using an infra-red digital counter and camera and by counting tracks.

    (Summarised by: Rebecca K. Smith)

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