Vegetation change and ecological processes in alpine and subalpine Sphagnum bogs of the Bogong High Plains, Victoria, Australia

  • Published source details Wahren C.-H.A., Williams R.J. & Papst W.A. (2001) Vegetation change and ecological processes in alpine and subalpine Sphagnum bogs of the Bogong High Plains, Victoria, Australia. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 33, 357-368.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Exclude or remove livestock from degraded peatlands

Action Link
Peatland Conservation
  1. Exclude or remove livestock from degraded peatlands

    A replicated, paired, controlled study in 1980–1996 in two grazed bogs in Australia (Wahren et al. 2001) found that excluding cattle with fences had no effect on vegetation cover. Over 15 years, cover of different vegetation types changed similarly in exclusion and grazed plots. Although Sphagnum moss cover increased in exclusion plots (from 15–20% to 23–24%), it also increased in grazed plots (from 16–18% to 19–20%). In one bog where heathland vegetation cover increased, it did so in both exclusion plots (from 5 to 30%) and grazed plots (from 4 to 23%). Herb cover did not change in exclusion plots (from 54–77% to 54–70%) or grazed plots (from 49–81% to 52–77%). In 1980–1981, one pair of plots was established in each grazed bog. Two plots (one plot/pair) were fenced to exclude free-ranging cattle. The other plots remained open to grazing. In 1981 and 1996, vegetation cover was recorded along 5–15 transects/bog, each 20–70 m long.

    (Summarised by: Nigel Taylor)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust