Study

Colonization of herpetofauna to a created wetland

  • Published source details Toure T.A. & Middendorf G.A. (2002) Colonization of herpetofauna to a created wetland. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society, 38, 99-117.

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Create wetland

Action Link
Amphibian Conservation

Create or restore wetlands

Action Link
Reptile Conservation
  1. Create wetland

    A site comparison study in 1995–1996 of a created wetland in Maryland, USA (Toure & Middendorf 2002) found that all but one amphibian species present in an adjacent forest were recorded in the created wetland. Spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum was the only species not recorded in the wetland. Nine of the species were recorded in all four wetland terraces created. The 52 ha wetland was constructed in four terraces and was surrounded by regenerating forest. Monitoring was undertaken in March–September 1995–1996 using transects, call counts, drift-fencing with pitfall and funnel traps and dip-netting. The adjacent forest was used as a reference site.

     

  2. Create or restore wetlands

    A site comparison study in 1995–1996 of a created wetland and adjacent forest in Maryland, USA (Toure & Middendorf 2002) found that created wetlands had similar reptile richness and diversity to the adjacent natural forest. Reptile richness or diversity were similar between created wetlands (richness: 2–6 species; Simpson’s diversity index: 0.2–0.8) and natural forest (richness: 4; diversity: 0.7). Two of 12 total species were recorded in both created wetland and natural forest. Eight of 12 species were recorded in created wetland but not natural forest and two of 12 species were recorded in natural forest but not created wetland. The 52 ha wetland was constructed in four terraces and was surrounded by regenerating forest. Monitoring was undertaken in March–September 1995–1996 using transects, call counts, drift-fencing with pitfall and funnel traps. The adjacent forest was used as a reference site.

    (Summarised by: Katie Sainsbury)

Output references
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