Forage for bees in an agricultural landscape

  • Published source details Engels W., Schulz U. & Radle M. (1994) Forage for bees in an agricultural landscape. Pages 57-65 in: Use of the Tubingen mix for bee pasture in Germany. International Bee Research Association, Cardiff.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Plant dedicated floral resources on farmland

Action Link
Bee Conservation
  1. Plant dedicated floral resources on farmland

    Engels et al. (1994) planted three strips of the commercially available Tubingen nectar and pollen mixture (40% phacelia, 25% buckwheat Fagopyron esculentum) at the edge of an arable field in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, over two years. Two strips were sown only in the first year, one strip was sown in both years. They recorded 58 species of wild bee either nesting in grooved board wooden nest boxes or foraging on the plots, including 11 species of true bumblebee Bombus spp. and five species of cuckoo bumblebee Bombus [Psithyrus] spp. Thirty-five bee species foraged on flowers from the Tubingen mixture.

Output references
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