Limit, cease or prohibit the use of underwater explosives
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Underwater explosives are used for military purposes (e.g. bomb disposal, training exercises) and for construction works or decommissioning. The detonation of explosives generates large amounts of sound energy and shock waves that may injure or kill marine and freshwater mammals (Ketten et al. 1993, Dolman & St. Leger 2011). Limiting, ceasing or prohibiting the use of underwater explosives may reduce the risk of harm to mammals.
Danil K. & St. Leger J.A. (2011) Seabird and dolphin mortality associated with underwater detonation exercises. Marine Technology Society Journal, 45, 89–95.
Ketten D., Lien J. & Todd S. (1993) Blast injury in humpback whale ears: evidence and implications. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 94, 1849–1850.