Reduce hammer energy during pile driving
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Pile driving is the process of driving large supports or foundations (‘piles’) into the sea floor or river bed with an impact hammer during the construction of wind turbines, offshore oil and gas structures, bridges and wharfs etc. The high intensity sounds produced by pile driving may disturb and cause auditory injury to marine and freshwater mammals (Bailey et al. 2010). Reducing the hammer energy used during pile driving may reduce noise exposure and the risk of injury.
Bailey H., Senior B., Simmons D., Rusin J., Picken G. & Thompson P.M. (2010) Assessing underwater noise levels during pile-driving at an offshore windfarm and its potential effects on marine mammals. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60, 888–897.