Remove or clean-up oil pollution following a spill
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Oil spills can cause serious harm to marine and freshwater mammals (Helm et al. 2014). The control and remediation of oil spills can be undertaken in a multitude of ways, e.g. using booms (floating barriers that contain a spill to a delimited zone) and skimmers (devices that collect oil) to remove oil from the water surface, dispersants that break oil into small droplets, sorbents (materials that adsorb oil), or by controlled burning of the oil (Dave & Ghaly 2011). Different methods have different outcomes and side-effects, but when successful may potentially reduce the risks of toxicity and direct harm to marine and freshwater mammals.
Dave D. & Ghaly A.E. (2011) Remediation technologies for marine oil spills: a critical review and comparative analysis. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 7, 423–440.
Helm R.C., Costa D.P., DeBruyn T.D., O'Shea T.J., Wells R.S. & Williams T.M. (2014) Overview of effects of oil spills on marine mammals. Pages 455–475 in: Fingas M. (ed.) Handbook of Oil Spill Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.