Limit, cease or prohibit recreational fishing and/or harvesting
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Recreational harvesting (free divers, spear fishers) and fishing can impact subtidal benthic invertebrates through species removal, either intentionally, or unintentionally through accidental unwanted catch (in the case of fishing), physical damage and disturbance (Cooke & Cowx 2006; Milazzo et al. 2002). Recreational fishing and harvesting could be limited in one area, by restricting the activity in space and time (limits on duration and occurrence, delimiting allowed areas). It could be ceased by setting a permanent or temporary closure (e.g. seasonal closure), or prohibited through bylaws. This may help reduce the intensity of the threats associated with these activities and potentially allow subtidal benthic invertebrate communities to persist or recover over time.
When restrictions of recreational activities occur in the context of a marine protected area, evidence is summarised under “Habitat protection”, including “Habitat protection - Designate a Marine Protected Area and prohibit all types of fishing”, “Designate a Marine Protected Area and only allow hook and line fishing”, “Designate a Marine Protected Area and prohibit the harvest of scallops”, “Designate a Marine Protected Area and prohibit the harvest of conch” and “Designate a Marine Protected Area and prohibit the harvest of sea urchins”. Other evidence for interventions related to recreational boating is summarised under “Threat: Transportation and service corridors – Shipping lanes”.
Cooke S.J. & Cowx I.G. (2006) Contrasting recreational and commercial fishing: Searching for common issues to promote unified conservation of fisheries resources and aquatic environments. Biological Conservation, 128, 93–108.
Milazzo M., Chemello R., Badalamenti F., Camarda R. & Riggio S. (2002) The impact of human recreational activities in Marine Protected Areas: What lessons should be learnt in the Mediterranean Sea? Marine Ecology, 23, 280–290.