Limit the number of traps per fishing vessels
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Fishing can impact subtidal benthic invertebrates through species removal or habitat damage from fishing gear coming into contact with the seabed (Collie et al. 2000). Traps or pots are often used to fish for crabs or lobsters and consist of structures into which species of commercial interest enter through funnels, which encourage entry but limit escape. Trap fishery can negatively impact benthic invertebrates by accidentally catching them while in use (Öndes et al. 2017), or when they are lost or abandoned (“ghost fishing” Maselko et al. 2013). The number of traps per fishing vessels could be limited to reduce fishing effort in an area (Acheson 1998), thereby potentially reducing the amount of unwanted catch, and overall threat to subtidal benthic invertebrates. Evidence related to interventions aimed at mitigating ghost fishing is summarised under “Threat: Pollution – Use biodegradable panels in fishing pots” and “Recover lost fishing gear”.
Acheson J. (1998) Lobster trap limits: A solution to a communal action problem. Human Organization, 57, 43–52.
Collie J.S., Hall S.J., Kaiser M.J. & Poiner I.R. (2000) A quantitative analysis of fishing impacts on shelf‐sea benthos. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 785–798.
Maselko J., Bishop G. & Murphy P. (2013) Ghost fishing in the Southeast Alaska commercial Dungeness crab fishery. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 33, 422–431.
Öndes F., Kaiser M.J. & Murray L.G. (2017) Fish and invertebrate by-catch in the crab pot fishery in the Isle of Man, Irish Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98, 1–13.