Create legislation for ‘no net loss’ of wetlands
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Legislation may be developed to ensure no net loss of habitat. Simply, this means that any habitat lost to development must be compensated for by restoration or creation elsewhere. For example, under the Clean Water Act in the USA, a permit for development on wetlands may only be granted if there are plans to restore or create other wetlands. Alternatively, wetlands can be ‘bought’ from a ‘bank’ of restoration or creation projects to offset damage done by a particular development (Burgin 2010).
Key peatland types for which this action may be appropriate: bogs, fens/fen meadows, tropical peat swamps.
Related action: legally protect peatlands.
Burgin S. (2010) ‘Mitigation banks’ for wetland conservation: a major success or an unmitigated disaster. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 18, 49–55.